Authors: Kathryn E. McCollister, Xuan Yang, Sean M. Murphy, Jared A. Leff, Richard A. Kronmal, Heidi M. Crane, Redonna K. Chandler, Faye S. Taxman, Daniel J. Feaster, Lisa R. Metsch, William E. Cunningham, Frederick L. Altice, and Bruce R. Schackman
This study developed a list of recommended criminal-legal measures to support economic data harmonization opportunities in substance use disorder (SUD) research. Baseline data from six NIDA-funded Seek, Test, Treat and Retain (STTR) intervention studies that enrolled HIV-infected/at-risk individuals with SUDs were assessed.
Four measures that are typically feasible and appropriate for estimating the economic consequences of criminal-legal activity associated with SUD were identified: number of arrests; number of convictions; days of incarceration; and times committing criminal offenses, by type of offense. Additional recommendations are given on how to account for extreme variation in criminal-legal activity and allow for more meaningful comparisons across studies.